Mac Maintenance

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February 24, 2015 Meeting:  Nonnie Markeset, Facilitator

Overview:
Keeping your Mac running smoothly
Making sure Time Machine is backing up
Keeping your operating system and apps up to date
Keeping your battery refreshed if you have a laptop
Keeping your charging cord from breaking
Keeping your computer clean

Setting up routine maintenance:

1. Once a month run Disk Utility (Applications→Utilities→Disk Utility:
Repair Disk Permissions on Internal HD
Verify/Repair DiskDrive on Internal and External HDExternals

2. OccasionallyOccassionally Test Your Time Machine Back Up
Repairing Time Machine Backup won’t necessarily repair your files.
Easiest way to make sure it’s working is to restore a file.
“Enter Time Machine” and choose a file to restore

3. Eliminate Wi-Fiwi-fi networks after traveling
System Preferences →Network→Advanced→Wi-Fi
Delete those you no longer need (select then click on “minus” button)..
Reorder the ones you want to keep.

4. Once a week clean off the Desktop
Put files in DocumentsDoc. Folder
Put photosPicts in PicturesPicture folder
Throw away any photos you have already loaded into iPhoto
Eject used .dmg’s and .pkg’s
If you need certain files or folders on the Desktop, create an Alias.

5. Periodically  (once every 2 weeks)Occasionally clean out the downloads folder
Eject .dmg’s you’ve expanded
Delete photos you’ve loaded into iPhoto
Delete downloads from online emails you no longer need
Transfer files you need to their proper folders

6. Every two or three months clear history and cookies from Safari, Firefox and Chrome

7. Do an HD Inventory if your internal HD is getting full.  I recommend keeping 20% of your HD free.  To find out how much free space you have, click once on your Macintosh HD icon on your Desktop and click “Get Info” in the File Menu in the Menu Bar (or ⌘-I)

To see what is taking up space:
1. Click on “About this Mac”- Storage Tab (often thesesometimes slide bars are not accurate)

2. More reliable way is to open a Finder Window and do one or both:
Choose List view with Calculate All Sizes option on.
Choose “All My Files” and sort by Name to compare and/or by Size to see what are biggest.

To find the folder size and display it within Finder, first select List View
then select the folder you want to view the folder sizes for. Go to the menu
bar and select View →Show View Options, alternatively press Command + J.
You will be presented with the dialog window shown in the image below.
The many view options for Finder. The option you want is at the bottom.
Check the box that says, “Calculate all sizes”. This will calculate the folder
sizes on your Mac and present them in Finder. If you want this apply to
every folder press “Use as Defaults”. It will take a few minutes to calculate
the folder sizes for you, far quicker if you have an SSD hard drive.SSD hard drive.
Updating the Operating system and Apps
No set rule for updating the OS but I recommend within the first two months of a new OS.  However, if there is an interim update, do that immediately.
Keep your Apps up to date.  Do an update on all applicable apps whenever you do an OS update.

How do you do App updates?
Easiest way is from the App Store.

How to update Abode Flash?
Download from Adobe website.
Follow instructions and when told to do so, quit your web browser, Safari/Firefox

Maintaining your battery
If your computer is 4 or more years old, onceOnce a month let it run down completely.  Then charge it overnight.  If your laptop is newer and has a lithium-ion battery, visit this website to learn more about what you can do.   https://www.apple.com/batteries/why-lithium-ion/
But no matter the age of your computer, not having it plugged in all the time is better for it.

Keeping your charging cord from breaking
Remove it correctly by pulling it straight out by the connector not the cord.
Wrap a spring from a pen around it to protect it.  (You can find directions on the web for this)

Keeping your computer clean
Wipe the screen and keyboard occasionally with a soft cloth.
To remove grime, turn your computer off and wipe with a slightly damp cloth.
You can spray compressed air on the keyboard. Make sure your computer is off.
To prevent spills killing your computer, use a silicone keyboard protector, drink your coffee out of a traveling mug, and your drinks out of a screw cap bottle when operating your computer.

Some apps to help you keep your Mac running smoothly
CleanMyMac 2
Memory Clean
Memory Diag (I have come to prefer this one over Memory Clean).
WhatSize

Suggestions and Notes
Write up a Maintenance Checklist for yourself and keep to it.  Set Reminders or Calendars events to help you remember.

Remember after you download an app and expand it to install it, to throw the .dmg in the trash (eject).

Be careful of the following app:  MacKeeper.  Do not install this App.
If you Google CleanMyMac and put spaces between the words, MacKeeper will come up first in the list.  This is NOT what you want.

Related to good maintenance is developing good habits:
Don’t click on links in emails
Develop good and different passwords for each site you visit
Change your passwords for important sites a couple of times a year.
Be careful of sites you visit, especially ones that want vital info on you.
Use a password management app to help you.

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